Formal Specification and Verification of Solidity Contracts with Events (short paper)

TitleFormal Specification and Verification of Solidity Contracts with Events (short paper)
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsHajdu, Á., Jovanović, D., and Ciocarlie, G.
Conference Name2nd Workshop on Formal Methods for Blockchains
Keywordsmodular verification, smart contracts
Abstract

Events in the Solidity language provide a means of communication between the on-chain services of decentralized applications and the users of those services. Events are commonly used as an abstraction of contract execution that is relevant from the users' perspective. Users must, therefore, be able to understand the meaning and trust the validity of the emitted events. This paper presents a source-level approach for the formal specification and verification of Solidity contracts with the primary focus on events. Our approach allows specification of events in terms of the on-chain data that they track, and predicates that define the correspondence between the blockchain state and the abstract view provided by the events. The approach is implemented in solc-verify, a modular verifier for Solidity, and we demonstrate its applicability with various examples.

Notes(Accepted for presentation; post-proceeding pending)