Model Checking Graph Transformations: A Comparison of Two Approaches

TitleModel Checking Graph Transformations: A Comparison of Two Approaches
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsRensink, A., Schmidt, Á., and Varró, D.
Conference NameProc. ICGT 2004: Second International Conference on Graph Transformation
Conference LocationRome, Italy
Keywordsanalysis of transformation systems, logic properties of graphs and transformations, model checking, semantics of visual techniques
AbstractModel checking is increasingly popular for hardware and, more recently, software verification. In this paper we describe two different approaches to extend the benefits of model checking to systems whose behavior is specified by graph transformation systems. One approach is to encode the graphs into the fixed state vectors and the transformation rules into guarded commands that modify these state vectors appropriately to enjoy all the benefits of the years of experience incorporated in existing model checking tools. The other approach is to simulate the graph production rules directly and build the state space directly from the resultant graphs and derivations. This avoids the preprocessing phase, and makes additional abstraction techniques available to handle symmetries and dynamic allocation. In this paper we compare these approaches on the basis of three case studies elaborated in both of them, and we evaluate the results. Our conclusion is that the first approach outperforms the second if the dynamic and/or symmetric nature of the problem under analysis is limited, while the second shows its superiority for inherently dynamic and symmetric problems.